Bahrain ranked in world’s top five Islamic finance economies by the Islamic Development Bank

  • Research by Refinitiv and the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD) puts Bahrain in the lead in MENA and third place globally
  • Eighth consecutive first-place ranking for Bahrain based on robust and supportive regulation and increases in number of Islamic Banking Assets

Manama, December 15 – Bahrain ranked in the world’s top five Islamic finance economies, according to the latest annual Islamic Finance Development Indicator (IFDI).

The Kingdom, which has led MENA in all eight IFDIs to date, ranked in third place globally this year. 135 countries in total are ranked as part of the index.

The IFDI is part of the annual Islamic Finance Development Report produced by Refinitiv and the Islamic Corporation for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD), the private sector development arm of the Islamic Development Bank (IDB).

The IFDI provides an annual rank for each economy in the global Islamic finance industry, aggregating scores across five areas – quantitative development, knowledge, governance, corporate social responsibility, and awareness.

Bahrain’s high ranking was based upon its robust and supportive regulation for Islamic finance and banking as well as increases in both the number of Islamic banking assets.

Mr. Fahad Yateem, Director of Islamic Financial Institutions Supervision Directorate at the Central Bank of Bahrain said: “I am delighted that Bahrain has once again scored so highly in the IFDI, and particularly for Governance. The results are testament to our longstanding strategy of pioneering yet comprehensive regulation, creating a framework conducive to digital and technological innovation in the industry.

“The recently launched Bahrain Open Banking Framework, which provides detailed guidelines ensuring the holistic implementation of Open Banking for the entire banking industry – the first in the world to incorporate Islamic Finance.

“As the report makes clear, the COVID-19 pandemic has further catalysed digital innovation in the industry as well as consumer uptake of technology. Moreover, it is these technological advancements within Islamic Finance that will be a key driver of the industry’s post-covid recovery.”

Dalal Buhejji, Director, Business Development, Financial Services at the EDB said: “Bahrain was the first in the region to develop a strong banking community and is now building one of the most concentrated FinTech ecosystems in the world. The Islamic finance sector has been a key part of that development, with ninety six billion dollars of assets held in the Kingdom, which accounts for 124% of Bahrain’s GDP.

“We are continuously implementing new initiatives and policy tools to further develop Bahrain’s standing in Islamic finance, including new Takaful models and Sharia-compliant investment tools.

“The Kingdom’s high ranking is testament to our innovative and pioneering approach, as well as the advanced financial environment that we offer for both established financial institutions and startups. We look forward to continuing to build on our growth.”

The index highlighted how Bahrain and Saudi Arabia’s regulation of InsurTech promises to “transform” the Takaful industry, with FinTech also being a major driver of the Islamic finance industry – particularly during the global COVID pandemic.

Bahrain is home to the region’s largest concentration of Islamic finance institutions that deal in almost every area of Islamic finance and Islamic products. The Bahrain Islamic Bank was established in the Kingdom in 1979, and Bahrain has since worked to nurture concepts, rules, and standards of Sharia banking compliance in Islamic banks.

For more information, please contact:

Communications and Media Department

Economic Development Board

Phone: +973-17-589966


About Bahrain Economic Development Board

The Bahrain Economic Development Board (EDB) is an investment promotion agency with overall responsibility for attracting investment into the Kingdom and supporting initiatives that enhance the investment climate.

The EDB works with the government and both current and prospective investors, in order to ensure that Bahrain’s investment climate is attractive, to communicate the key strengths, and to identify where opportunities exist for further economic growth through investment.

The EDB focuses on several economic sectors that capitalise on Bahrain’s competitive advantages and provide significant investment opportunities. These sectors include financial services, manufacturing, ICT, tourism, logistics and transport.

For more information on the Bahrain EDB visit; for information about Bahrain visit

About the Islamic Finance Development Indicator

Developed by ICD and Refinitiv, the Islamic Finance Development Indicator is a composite weighted-index that measures the overall development of the Islamic Finance industry by providing an aggregate assessment of the performance of all its parts, in line with the objectives of Islamic principles.

The indicator is released annually, along with a full report detailing each country- and unit-specific indicator and their raw numbers.

Each indicator within the composite indicator’s constituents is equally weighted and aggregated. In addition, normalization is required prior to any data aggregation as the variable indicators in a data set have different measurement units.

To learn more about the indicator, please visit
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